Residential location influences travel - but how and why

A study of residential location and transport in the Copenhagen metropolitan area, including travel surveys as well as qualitative interviews, shows that residential location affects travel behavior, also when taking into consideration socioeconomic and attitudinal differences among the inhabitants. For most travel purposes, our respondents and interviewees emphasize choice rather than proximity. This means that the amount of travel is influenced to a higher extent by the location of the residence in relation to concentrations of facilities, rather than the distance to the closest single facility within a category. As a result, the amount of travel is influenced first and foremost by the location of the residence in relation to the main center of the metropolitan area (downtown Copenhagen), and to a lesser extent by the distance to lower-order centers. Although the specific influences of urban structure vary between population groups, the location of the residence in the urban structure of the Copenhagen metropolitan area affects travel behavior within all our investigated subgroups. On average for all our respondents, living in a dense area close to downtown Copenhagen contributes to less travel, a lower share of car driving and more trips by bike or on foot.

Petter Næss

Danske Keywords:
Boliglokalisering, transport, påvirkningsmekanismer, Hovedstadsområdet

Engelske Keywords:
Residential location, Travel, Mechanisms of influence, Copenhagen metropolitan area


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